Lower Abdominal Pain

Why Do We Feel Pain in Lower Left Abdomen?

Abdominal pain is the most common type of pain that humans have, and it is (often falsely) fully attributed to our stomachs. It is especially true for the left hand side of abdomen. It can, in fact, be of trivial nature, e.g. constipation or food poisoning, but the result of these trivial conditions can be tragic at times, too. In most cases, pain in lower left abdomen should be a serious concern, as there’s a number of severe diseases that can be a cause of it.


Sources of Pain in Lower Left Abdomen in Women

There are some underlying causes of the lower left abdominal pain that are only attributable to women. These include:

  1. Mid-cycle pain is a type of reoccurring pain that ordinarily comes between periods (say, two to three weeks before or after menstruation). It usually is not long-lasting (at most around 3 days), and just as it came, it suddenly disappears. It may then return in 2-3 months’ time. Pregnancy control pills or painkillers are normally prescribed to tackle mid-cycle discomforts.
  2. Menstrual pain, also called period pain, can appear and spread through both halves of lower abdomen. Period pain precedes menstruation by 2 or 3 days.Dull pain in lower left abdomen is the most common characteristic of menstrual pain, however, some women are unfortunate enough to experience sharp period pains as well. It is cured much the same way as mid-cycle pain: with contraceptive pills or painkillers.
  3. Ectopic pregnancy is the most severe women related condition when experiencing pain in lower left abdomen. Its early symptoms are: pain while urinating, general weakness and discomfort, mild vaginal bleeding, etc. Nowadays, non-surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy is possible on its early stages.

menstrual pain

It’s only women who can be diagnosed with these conditions, but that does not mean women are not exposed to all other diseases that can evoke pain sensations in lower left abdomen.


Common Sources of Lower Left Abdominal Pain

  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm happens when the largest artery of the human body, aorta, expands abnormally on its way in the abdomen. It can thus begin to leak or, worse, rupture. If this happens, a person experiencing Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm suffers major central or left abdominal pain. Aorta rupture produces staggering blood pressure drop, and this in turn may cause a person to become pale, or even collapse abruptly. Pain is typically localized in abdomen but shifts to the patient’s back are possible as well.
  • Kidney stones are diagnosed only on the basis of radiographic studies that are preceded by physical examination and urinalysis. However, sharp pain in lower right or left abdomen is a strong sign that the patient may be exposed to kidney stones. This pain is most commonly experienced in the mornings. It starts in abdomen, but may spread quickly to the back. Pain during urination, vomiting during pain attacks are all symptoms of kidney stones as well.

kidney stones

Abdomen is such a big and important part of the body that many diseases can produce pain sensations there. These are, for instance, Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hernia, Crohn’s disease and others.

Very often localization of pain and other symptoms can be very similar for different diseases. That’s why it is important to have an experienced doctor at your discretion to consult in case of an emergency. Take any pain serious and keep in mind that pain is just the way our bodies tell us something goes wrong and that something needs to be fixed as soon as possible.


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